The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)

What is the CEFR?

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is an international standard for describing language ability. It is used around the world to describe learners’ language skills.

We use the CEFR to indicate the level of language understanding you should already have in order to start and get the most out of one of our courses. The CEFR system has 3 tiers: basic, independent and proficient.

We can teach you to whatever language level you want to attain in English as long as you are able to study on the right courses for long enough. Read the information below, decide which level you are at right now, which level you would like to get to, and view the relevant courses we offer.

The CEFR in Short


The CEFR Levels

Basic Level A1: Breakthrough

You are at Beginner level if you can understand and use familiar expressions and very basic phrases aimed at meeting your everyday needs; introduce yourself to others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where you live, people you know and things you have; interact in a simple way if the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.


Basic Level A2: Waystage

You are at Elementary level if you can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (for example, very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment); communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters; describe in simple terms aspects of your background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.


Independent Level B1: Threshold

You are at Intermediate level if you can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc; deal with most situations likely to arise while travelling in an area where the language is spoken; produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest; describe experiences, events, dreams, hopes and ambitions, and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.


Independent Level B2: Vantage

You are at Upper-intermediate level if you can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in your field of specialisation; interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party; produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.


Proficient Level C1: Effective operational proficiency

You are at Advanced level if you can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning; express yourself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions; use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes; produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.


Proficient Level C2: Mastery

You are at Proficiency level if you can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read; summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation; express yourself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning, even in the most complex situations.