We use the past simple when an action or situation happens and finishes in the past. We usually say or know when it happened.
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Generally speaking, the present simple tense is used for general statements, while the present continuous tense focuses on actions in progress.
We use the present simple tense for things that we do regularly and for facts, habits, truths and permanent situations. We often use time expressions like every day, once a week, on Fridays, etc.